Archaeological site recording on Kaikoura has been limited. Don Fasher consulted with local Maori when constructing the airstrip. He was informed that there were three sensitive areas located on Mitre Peak, Mount Overlook, and on the high point to the west of Bradshaw Cove (Fasher pers. com. as cited by Harlow 2001:3).
In 1996 Brenda Sewell recorded two additional WWII sites on Kaikoura on the basis of hearsay. Sites information in this instance was provided by Garth Cooper.
Dianne Harlow conducted an archaeological assessment for a proposed Telecom cell tower in 2001 (in the immediate vicinity of the already existing Vodaphone tower) although this was never erected.
There has been no systematic survey undertaken for Kaikoura Island prior to the present survey.
There has been no report of archaeological excavation on Kaikoura Island to date.
As with any archaeological landscape sites on Kaikoura Island are a product both of past settlement distribution and land use as well as recent factors which have influenced their survival. Much of the topography of the island has been affected by large scale erosion occurring especially on the steeper and more exposed areas along the northern coast and exacerbated by deforestation and fallow deer grazing. The relatively more sheltered southern and eastern parts of the island appear to have experienced less erosion. In addition much of the flatter land around the central ridge has been used extensively for farm activities and this is likely to have had an adverse impact on the preservation of archaeological features. While allowing for this preservation bias it is still possible to make some interpretation of the settlement pattern as indicated by archaeological site distribution.
Much of the island comprises steep slopes and settlement appears to have been concentrated on available flat land. The central ridge and promontories such as headlands and knolls appear to have been settled along with the mouths of stream gullies nearer the coast. Settlement on exposed areas such as the central ridgeline inclined towards the more sheltered southern and eastern sides. Sites have been recorded towards the north-western and north-eastern ends of the main ridgeline and there are likely to have been further settlement features towards the central part of this ridge, now destroyed by farming activity and more recently by the construction of the main airstrip. The ridgelines tend to be characterised by rocky outcrops and stone debris, and sites were often identified as areas where stone had been cleared to create usable land. These sites tended to be characterised by either stone mounds to the sides of the cleared area or considerable amounts of strewn stone debris below. In some instances the stone appears to have been utilised to form terrace reveting or walls and alignments, but in most cases it seems the intention was to remove rather than use the naturally occurring debris.
Additional features are concentrated in closer proximity to the coast and, as might be expected, appear to cluster around stream mouths and on coastal promontories at knolls or on the heads of spurs. Factors such as proximity to streams and coast, steepness of topography and soil type may assist in identifying areas where subsurface archaeological deposits are more likely to be encountered (see Tatton 1994:123-5). Stone debris was less common in many of these areas and as such has been incorporated less into the site and features.
Coastal middens contain rocky shore species available from the island and local environs, and tend to suggest limited exploitation. Acidic soils are likely to have resulted in less than ideal conditions for the preservation of fish bone and other organic remains and this may be a contributing factor in the sparseness of the midden deposits encountered. The name Kaikoura suggests also marine exploitation other than shellfish gathering.
Pa located on the northern side of the island on prominent high points are relatively large in scale, and it would have been feasible for people to live inside these areas, as well as seeking refuge in times of conflict. Names of the two pa are given as Motukaraka and Pahangahou (Murdoch pers. com.).
Early farm settlement
Sites and features relating to farm settlement, and European occupation were fairly limited. Continuing use in the same area is likely to have removed much of the evidence relating to early farming. Features encountered included dams in streams, and a former house site. Additional sites if they still exist might reasonably be expected in the central farm gully, and central ridge around the edges of the airstrips.
World War II sites
Military features from World War II relating to the controlled mine field are clustered in and around Bradshaw Cove. The observation post is sited for its views of Port Abercrombie, with the remainder of the outpost sheltered in the stream gully below the ridge line where there is better access to fresh water. The observation post and barracks appear to have been linked by a benched track, and the outpost in Bradshaw Cove was linked via cable link to the mine field and also to the radar station at Moors Peak above Nagle Cove on the opposite side of Port Abercrombie. An additional gun emplacement for Port Fitzroy was planned for the north-easternmost point of the island but was never actioned. It is not envisaged that additional sites relating to the World War II occupation will be encountered on the island.
Rather than assess the significance of sites individually it is more practical to assess the group in a landscape context. This has been done for both Maori and historic period sites. The assessment criteria adopted for this report follow those outlined in Walton 1999.
No early sites were identified during the course of the survey, but the island is said to have been occupied from the 14th century. While populations would have fluctuated over time Maori occupation of Kaikoura was continuous up until the time of its sale into European ownership in 1838. Without further archaeological investigation it is impossible to determine whether the individual sites identified thus far are contemporary or whether settlement pattern has shifted over time.
In additional to the Maori occupation the island has been farmed since 1863. It is not known specifically where any early farming was located but it is likely to have been in the vicinity of more recent farming on the more gently sloping southern side of the main ridge and around the broad gully to the south of Mitre Peak. The first permanent house on Kaikoura appears to have been built on the southern coast in 1888, and although the site was re-used numerous times since then a few of the remnants from the old house site in Man o war passage may relate to this. Other buildings of heritage significance on the island are the military structures which were constructed in 1942.
The archaeological landscape includes sites relating to a variety of activities. Common site types usually include those relating to subsistence such as coastal middens, and occupation and settlement such as terracing and pits. The archaeological landscape on Kaikoura also includes several less common feature types including stone reveting and walls usually restricted to sites in volcanic areas and on offshore islands. There are two pa sites recorded on the island and one of these includes a stone perimeter wall, and internal stone row partitions.
Historic remains present on Kaikoura are of fairly common types. The bunkers and observation post are, however, unusually well preserved still retaining their wood panelling and painted ceilings.
Archaeological sites on Kaikoura include coastal midden, terracing, pits, stone reveting, gardening sites, and defended sites including headland and hilltop pa. Notable absences include stone working sites. Sites on Kaikoura tend to be simple rather than complex in form and generally comprise a limited number of features. More complex sites include the pa and a small number of terrace sites.
Remnant historic sites on the island are relatively limited. With the exception of the former homestead site they relate to the military occupation during WWII. They include bunkers, barracks buildings, roads, tracks and an observation post.
Shell middens are relatively uncommon on Kaikoura in comparison to other islands and coastal areas, and may reflect the limited availability of soft shore shellfish species on Kaikoura. Where midden sites have been recorded on Kaikoura they are limited to a sparse scatter of surface shell from a few rocky shore species such as catseyes and rock oyster.
The military buildings are representative of later military architecture, being simply built. The single pitch roofs on the barracks buildings are less common, but other similar examples exist elsewhere.
The archaeological landscape on Kaikoura is considered largely degraded due to damage by erosion, farming activity, and large scale earthworks (e.g. the airstrip). The soils are acidic and are likely to have accelerated deterioration of organic deposits. Scarps on earthwork features such as pits and terracing have eroded and most of these sites are becoming vague in appearance. Overall both the landscape and individual sites are considered to be in relatively poor condition with some notable exceptions. Areas that appear to have suffered less modification include the western and northeastern portions of the central ridge, and some coastal areas.
Few sites associated with the early farming appear to have survived, with the exception of isolated features and structures such as dams and relict planting. The military structures however are extremely well preserved.
Group value is considered relatively low. Archaeological sites on Kaikoura represent a partial landscape which has suffered considerable modification over time. Where the landscape has been less modified sites appear to form a more continuous pattern of Maori land use on available flat land along the tops of ridges and at stream mouths. Extant sites appear to form a fairly representative group of site types.
Group value for the early farming is also considered relatively low. Archaeological sites on Kaikoura represent a partial landscape which has suffered considerable modification over time. Conversely the, military sites represent an intact set of sites, relatively little modified over time and have greater group value despite their later (20th century) origin.
Archaeological potential is also considered relatively low for most sites. Many of the recorded sites have been modified by farming and forestry. There appears to be relatively little topsoil build-up in many areas and where present appears to be acidic. On the basis of surface evidence the sites appear to have relatively little material suitable for dating, although some of the larger middens (such as S08/429 and S08/444) may provide suitable material. Sites containing stone alignment features (such as S08/424) might benefit from limited investigation to attempt to determine the function and methods used in the construction of these features. A small sample of obsidian was recovered during field survey and this may be able to be traced to its location of origin to identify trade and social connections with other parts of the country.
The proposal to develop an outdoor education centre on the island will mean that there will be an excellent opportunity for some sites to be used as an education resource. Unfortunately few sites have sufficient surface presence to be considered suitable for this purpose.
With the island in public ownership the potential to manage sites in a landscape context is enhanced. In addition the archaeology is able to lend another facet in promoting Kaikoura as a unique place.
Summary of Significance
As a whole the archaeological landscape on Kaikoura Island is fairly degraded due to farming operations, earthworks, and extensive erosion. This also appears to have been exacerbated by poor preservation conditions. Kaikoura does however include examples of less common site types such as free standing stone walls, and reveted terracing. The island’s World War II heritage is also unusually well preserved, and comprises a complete outpost, with structures, tracks and roads. Public ownership and the Motu Kaikoura Trust’s intention to develop the island as an outdoor education centre present a unique opportunity to further develop the island’s heritage potential.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE MANAGEMENT
Sites associated with Maori settlement and historic sites predating 1900 fall within the scope of the archaeological provisions of the Historic Places Act 1993 and as such require an authority to be granted by the NZ Historic Places Trust before undertaking any activity which has the potential to destroy, damage or modify.
Intervention should be generally limited to threat management, and it is envisaged that most of the archaeological landscape on Kaikoura will be appropriately managed passively where no threats are specifically identified. Much of the island has already reverted to low scrubland species since grazing ceased including manuka/kanuka and gorse and with the exception of existing tracks and the airstrip few areas of cleared land have been maintained. The archaeological resource comprises mostly earthwork features (pits and terraces), stone mounds and alignments, cultivated areas and middens. The middens are characteristically areas of sparsely scattered shell that appear to have limited or no depth of stratigraphy. Accordingly a management regime that provides primarily for the retention of surface earthwork features is considered sufficient, as root growth from existing vegetation will have already impacted upon sites with relatively shallow stratigraphy.
Stone wall features
The archaeological landscape includes examples of stone walls and reveting that may require some active management to assist in their continued preservation. Vegetation growth can pose a significant threat to the preservation of these sites from trees and shrubs growing through features, displacing and destabilising rock as well as having their foundations undermined by tree root growth. The two best examples of stone walls are the stone walled pa (S08/433) and the stone alignments on the north-western ridgeline (S08/424). A programme of active management should be established and carried out for both of these sites involving regular visits to monitor condition and vegetation growth, and to remove any seedlings growing out of the stone features before they reach a size where they threaten the preservation of the features. Monitoring should seek to assess the stability and condition of the walls so that any weakness in the structures can be identified well before there is any threat of collapse. Suggested monitoring timeframes are annual monitoring visits by island staff, with 5 yearly visits by DOC historic staff. Any proposed monitoring or active management carried out at these sites should be discussed with Ngati Rehua before implementation.
Management of sites during restoration planting
The restoration of native vegetation on the island itself is also envisaged to be largely passive, allowing native species to self seed in the cover provided by the existing vegetation which in time will become shaded out. There is not envisaged to be any active planting on the island. Should additional planting be identified in the restoration plan it will be necessary to ensure that archaeological sites are excluded from any planting regime, and that staff and volunteers involved in the activity are appropriately briefed as to the location of any recorded archaeological sites in the vicinity of the planting area so that they can be avoided.
Tracks and marked routes
Additional tracks may be required for animal pest and weed eradication, but it is envisaged that these are likely to take the form of cleared routes rather than formed tracks. It is not necessary for these routes to avoid entire archaeological sites, but these should avoid leading people across fragile features such as stone walls, or alignments where these can be avoided. Over time foot traffic can dislodge stones, and cause previously well formed features to deflate or splay.
As the intended use for the island is to establish an outdoor education facility it is envisaged that additional formed tracks maybe created in future. Where there is any proposed modification of the ground surface, including drains or benching, routing should seek to avoid recorded archaeological sites. If this cannot be achieved, there is a legal requirement to seek authorisation to modify the site from the Historic Places Trust, and this will need to be undertaken well in advance of any proposed work. DOC historic staff should also be notified as they may be able to provide additional technical assistance in meeting any conditions as set by the Historic Places Trust.
As with formed tracks any proposed new structures should be located so as to avoid recorded archaeological sites. Should this be considered impractical or impossible authorisation will need to be sought from the Historic Places Trust, and DOC historic staff should be notified.
Large tree felling and forestry operations are also recognised as activities that have the potential to destroy damage and modify archaeological sites. Damage is often caused to archaeological earthwork features both on impact during felling, and when trees are dragged across features. If it is necessary to fell exotic trees in the vicinity of recorded archaeological sites it will also be necessary to obtain authorisation from the Historic Places Trust, and notify DOC historic staff.
Should funding permit it may be desirable to further investigate some of the archaeological features on Kaikoura. Possibilities may include both intrusive and non-intrusive investigation.
Time constraints during the survey made accurate mapping of complex sites difficult. More detailed mapping of sites such as the two pa and features on the north-western ridgeline would assist in their long term management as well as provide additional information on the use of these areas.
A small amount of obsidian was recovered during the survey and identification of this may assist in ascertaining the geography of the wider resource area and trade connections of the people living on the island.
Little is known about the relative dates of the sites that have been identified on the island. Selective sampling of sites may assist in further determining settlement pattern and land use over time. Little datable material was identified on the pa but sites located at stream mouths such as S08/429 and S08/444 have greater potential. Sampling of sites is intrusive investigation and should only be undertaken with the support of Ngati Rehua, and will also require an authority from the Historic Places Trust.
Little is also known about the function of the stone alignments at S08/424. Sampling for archaeological pollens, starches and phytoliths, and limited investigation to reveal the methods of construction may assist with the interpretation of why these alignments were constructed and provide insight into their function.
Wahi tapu sites
Wahi tapu have been identified on the island by Ngati Rehua. For any matters relating to wahi tapu on Motu Kaikoura Ngati Rehua should be contacted for advice on how to proceed as the sole authority in this matter.
The observation post (S08/398) is considered to be one of the best preserved examples of its type due to the preservation of the wood panelling. Registration increases the profile of heritage resources and provides external recognition which can assist in generating funding for remedial work and repair. It is therefore recommended that registration and scheduling of the observation post is sought with the Historic Places Trust and Auckland City Council.
Restoration of military structures
The buildings and bunkers in Bradshaw Cove, as well as the observation post overlooking Port Abercrombie currently require remedial work and ongoing maintenance to bring them up to a presentable and usable standard. Together these structures comprise an intact military outpost as part of the wider defences for the port of Auckland during the second world war, and a significant local heritage resource worthy of active management. Advice should be sought with regards to the repair and ongoing maintenance of these structures, and their appropriate re-use.
'Kaikoura Island Archaeological Survey' Andy Dodd and Vanessa Tanner, Department of Conservation 2006.
Department of Conservation, Auckland Conservancy and Auckland Regional Council. This 2006 Field survey was undertaken jointly by the Kaikoura Island Archaeological Survey authors, Andy Dodd and Vanessa Tanner with assistance from Judith Grant, Rhonda Morrison, Thomas Emeritt, and Don Prince. Assistance with scale drawings of built structures was provided by Sarah Macready. Comments on historical information were provided by Don Armitage, Graeme Murdoch, and Dave Veart.
S08/398 Observation Post E2719173 N6556283
Recorded by Brenda Sewell in 1996. This site is located on the west side of the prominent headland to the west of Bradshaw Cove. It comprises an observation post overlooking the control minefield located in Port Abercrombie. Observation Post is in excellent condition and retains much of the original wooden fittings and external shutters.
S08/402 European structure E2719400 N6556050
Recorded by Brenda Sewell in 1996. This site is located in Bradshaw Cove and comprises the structures associated with the naval control post for controlling the mine field in Port Abercrombie. There are two small bunkers measuring approximately 7.5m by 2.5m on the hill slope to the east of the stream that exits Bradshaw Cove. There are also two single pitched weatherboard cottages used for barracks accommodation
S08/405 Stone rows E2619900 N6554750
Recorded by Dianne Harlow in 2001. This site was recorded as a series of stone rows between 11 and 16m in length located on slightly sloping ground. The site is located approximately 30m from the Vodaphone cell tower. Several vague terraces are located in the vicinity of this site around the head of the spur.
S08/423 Stone alignments E2718560 N6556080
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island approximately 1400m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises a cleared area on either side of a rocky promontory. To the west are two long terraces 10x28, and 4x35m separated by a stone alignment/revetment. On the eastern side of the promontory is a cleared terrace 8x8m with rocks heaped to the east.
S08/424 Stone alignments E2718475 N6556090
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island approximately 100m west of S08/423 and 1500m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises a series of stone alignments on a broad saddle with the main row approximately 40m in length. Areas have been cleared of stone presumably for gardening.
S08/425 Terraces, pits, cleared area E2718350 N6556170
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island on a rocky promontory marked as spot height 180 approximately 1600m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises several areas on the ridgeline cleared of stone debris including a 20x6m area to the east of the high point with three possible pits.
S08/426 Terraces, stone faced E2718232 N6556270
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island just over 100m west of the rocky promontory marked on the topographic map as spot height 180. It comprises a 6x6m terrace with stone cleared over the front to form stone facing, and another 20x2m terrace on the southern side of the ridge immediately below.
S08/427 Terraces E2718120 N6556367
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island just over 100m west of S80/426, and 200m from the rocky promontory marked as spot height 180 marked on the topographical map. It comprises a long 25x3m terrace on the southern side of the ridge, and smaller possible terraces to the north and west.
S08/428 Midden E2718406 N6555496
This site is located on the western side of an ephemeral stream near a point where two stream gullies meet at the coast approximately 1500m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises a 5x2m area of scattered midden containing cockle, catseye and whelk.
S08/429 Midden E2718511 N6555429
This site is located near the coast on the lower reaches of a NE-SW running spur approximately 1300m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises an eroding deposit with shell dispersed over a 10x30m area. Midden includes cockle, catseye, whelk and gastropod spp. Two pieces of obsidian also noted.
S08/430 Terrace, midden, karaka E2718466 N6555256
This site is located near the coast immediately below a prominent rock outcrop on the SE side of a prominent headland approximately 1300m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises a small terrace. 50m to the south is a karaka tree with midden exposed beneath.
S08/431 Pits, terraces, midden E2718781 N6555338
This site is located on a small knoll 250m down a prominent E-W running spur that extends from the central NW-SE running ridge to the SW coastline. Site is approximately 1000m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises up to eight terraces in a roughly E-W alignment with 4-6 pits on the eastern terraces. Site covers an area approximately 20x80m.
S08/432 Pits E2720946 N6556079
This site is located at the northern end of a slight saddle on the ridge that leads up to Mt Overlook. Site is approximately 350m south of Mt Overlook. It comprises 3 poorly defined pits the largest of which has dimensions 2.5x1.5m.
S08/433 Pa, stone walled E2720850 N6556440
This site is located on high point of ridge marked as Mount Overlook on topographical map. It comprises a pa with U shaped perimeter wall up to 2m high. West and east sides are otherwise flanked by precipitous cliffs. There is a gap in the southern wall most likely for an entrance, and two stone alignments of approximately 25m each in length make up internal partitions. There is a possible pit and terrace in middle third of site. Site covers an area approximately 30x100m.
S08/434 Pits, terraces E2720944 N6556880
This site is located on the north-westernmost point of the island approximately 100m north of Mount Overlook. It comprises three terraces with pits on the smaller lower terraces. Site covers an area approximately 10x30m.
S08/435 Terrace E2721013 N6556047
This site is located approximately 80-100m down the on the spur that runs to the coast to the east of the knoll on which S08/432 is located. It comprises a stone faced terrace approximately 7x4m with another smaller terrace 3x3m immediately above this.
S08/436 Findspot E2720681 N6555360
A single flake of brownish red obsidian was found on the north-eastern side of the spur on which the original airstrip was located.
S08/437 Pa E2719255 N6556415
This site is located on the northern end of the prominent headland to the west of Bradshaw Cove on the northern coast of the island. The comprises a pa almost entirely naturally defended by coastal cliffs with a narrow naturally formed incision in the ridgeline enhanced with a ditch and bank. Site contains numerous large terraces interspersed with rock outcrops.
S08/438 Pits, terraces E2719288 N6556007
This site is located on a knoll at the eastern end of the first spur inland from the coast on the western side of the creek at Bradshaw Cove. Site comprises a number of possible pits and terraces.
S08/439 Terraces, pit, midden E2719540 N6556126
This site is located on the north-western end of a spur on the eastern side of Bradshaw Cove. It comprises several vague terraces one of which has a possible pit on it. Shell fragments seen below and to the west of terraces.
S08/440 Terraces, pit E2721209 N6555997
This site is located approximately 300m down the spur that runs to the coast to the east of the knoll on which S08/432 is located. It comprises several large terraces 8x4m, 8x4m, and 10x4m clustered on the northern side of the crest of the spur. Further east is a 10x15m terrace with additional elongated terraces below this on the northern side of the spur.
S08/441 Midden E2720364 N6555136
This site is located between two streams on the southern side of a sheltered cove to the east of Mitre Peak. It comprises a sparse scatter of midden over an area 20x20m including cockle, rock oyster and catseye. Also noted one flake of grey obsidian.
S08/442 Midden E2721123 N6555299
This site is located at the base of a spur (20m ASL) that starts at a prominent knoll 700m east of the present airstrip. Site comprises a sparse scattering of gastropod spp with whelk and catseye also noted.
S08/443 Midden E2721013 N6555363
This site is located on a small promontory on the eastern coast of the island at the base of the spur to the east of the spur on which the original airstrip was located (2m ASL). A small midden was noted with a possible slumped terrace approximately 30m upslope. Midden contains catseye, whelk, and mussel.
S08/444 Midden, terraces, pits E2720880 N6555440
This site is located around a central spur located between two stream gullies on the eastern coast of the island to the east of the original airstrip. It comprises several terraces with large amounts of midden comprising mussel, catseye, pipi, cockle, whelk, oysters, scallop and obsidian flakes. A cluster of four terraces on the western side of the western stream has three possible pits. Additional midden noted to the east of the eastern stream.
S08/445 Terraces, pits E2719000 N6554950
This site is located to the west of a bush filled gully on a prominent SW-NE running spur that joins with the knoll at the SE end of the central ridgeline. The site comprises a series of terraces along the crest of the spur. Further down are two parallel lateral terraces separated by a baulk that runs along the crest of the spur. Still further down are four more terraces and a pit.
S08/446 House site E2719945 N6554435
This site is located on the southern coast in a small bay where two streams join immediately south of the track between the airstrip and the wharf. The site comprises a former house site believed to be where the Taylors built the first house on the island in 1890, and the Darntons rebuilt in 1863 after the first house was destroyed in a fire. Remains include house platform, coast access track, concrete foundations, a winch, jetty piles and dams further upstream in the western creek
S08/447 Find spot E2719707 N6554435
A single flake of grey obsidian was found on a prominent spur on the southern coast, to the south of where the main track between the wharf and the airstrip changes direction from E-W to S-N orientation.
S08/448 Terraces, stone mound E2718372 N6555986
This site is located on a prominent knoll on a spur on the south side of the island towards the north-western point. Approximately 300m SE of high point 180 as marked on the topographic map and downslope from S08/424. Site comprises up to eight terraces clustered on the south side of a knoll, sizes ranging from 2x3m to 3x12m. A stone mound has been formed on the knoll.
S08/450 Midden, possible pits terraces E2720252 N6554078
This site is located on a low prominent headland (10m ASL) to the south east of the wharf in Man o War Passage. Surface evidence of occupation is limited but includes several possible pits and terraces and a number of scattered shell fragments.
S08/451 Terraces E2720329 N6554197
This site is located on the south facing slopes below a SE running spur to the east of the wharf in Man-o-War passage, approximately 100m upslope from S08/450. The site comprises three possible terraces.
S08/452 Pits, terraces E2720360 N6554312
This site is located on the south-eastern end of a spur approximately 200m to the east of the wharf and approximately 250m upslope and northeast of the low headland on which S08/450 is located. The site comprises a number of pits on the south-eastern end of a spur and several possible terraces running down the eastern slope from the top of the spur.
S08/453 Midden E2720470 N6554751
This site is located on the eastern side of an ephemeral stream approximately 100m inland and upslope of the coast at a height of approximately 30m ASL. The site is located approximately 300m to the NE of the Vodaphone transmitter on the northern side of the south-easternmost ridge on Kaikoura. The site comprises a sparse scatter of predominantly whole cockle shell and the occasional rock oyster.
Kohatutitore wahi tapu
The split rock outcrop also known as Mitre Peak has been identified by Ngati Rehua as wahi tapu. It is located near the centre of the island to the south of the airstrip and visible from most of the central ridgeline. Any further information on the values of this site should be sought directly from Ngati Rehua.
An area containing cleft burials was previously located on the northern side of the island. Any further information with regards to specific location or the values associated with this site should be sought directly from Ngati Rehua.